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SportLeash Showcase: English Springer Spaniel

Reynold Krieg
Reynold Krieg

Sep 15, 2014

Overview

The English springer spaniel is compactly built, upstanding with proud carriage, slightly longer than tall but with fairly long legs and a deep body. Its build should suggest a combination of strength, agility and endurance, a dog capable of hunting tirelessly under the most difficult of conditions. The outer coat is of medium length, either flat or wavy, and the undercoat is soft and dense. This combination protects the dog from weather, water and thorns. The gait is long and ground-covering. The expression — alert, kindly and trusting — is an essential feature of springer type.

The English springer spaniel is cheerful, playful and energetic, ready for a day in the field and an evening by the hearth. It does everything with gusto and can be overly enthusiastic unless given plenty of exercise. The typical springer is the ideal family companion.
 
 

AKC RANKING                            28

FAMILY                                        Gundog, spaniel

AREA OF ORIGIN                        England

DATE OF ORIGIN                        1800s

ORIGINAL FUNCTION                Bird flushing and retrieving

TODAY'S FUNCTION                  Bird flushing and retrieving, spaniel field trials

AVERAGE SIZE OF MALE          Height: 19-21 Weight: 50

AVERAGE SIZE OF FEMALE      Height: 18-20 Weight: 40

Stats

Energy level                                 High energy

Exercise needs                            High

Playfullness                                  Very playful

Affection level                              Very affectionate

Friendliness toward other dogs  Friendly

Friendliness toward other pets   Very friendly

Friendliness toward strangers    Very friendly

Ease of training                            Hard to train

Watchdog ability                          High

Protection ability                          Not very protective

Grooming needs                          High maintenance

Cold tolerance                             Medium tolerance

Heat tolerance                             Medium tolerance

Care & Health

As an energetic and inquisitive dog, the springer needs daily mental and physical exertion. Hunting is the first choice to satisfy both needs, but an outing in the field, long walk on leash and good obedience lesson can go far to making the springer a calm and well-behaved house dog. This breed does best if allowed to live in the house with access to a yard. Its coat needs brushing or combing one or two times weekly plus clipping and scissoring every three months. Springers from field, rather than show, lines tend to have less coat.
• Major concerns: otitis externa, CHD, PRA, elbow dysplasia
• Minor concerns: ectropion, entropion
• Occasionally seen: phosphofructokinase deficiency, skin fragility, gastric torsion, rage syndrome
• Suggested tests: hip, elbow, eye, DNA for phosphofructokinase deficiency
• Life span: 10 – 14 years

History

As the spaniels became increasingly specialized, the larger land spaniels that ranged farther afield became extremely useful at flushing or "springing" game. Before the advent of shotguns, the game was flushed into nets or then chased by falcons or greyhounds. The first reference to springers referred to land spaniels in the late 1500s. Around 1800, distinct strains of carefully bred springers began to develop; one of the best known was bred by the Duke of Norfolk. His dogs so heavily influenced the breed that for a while the breed was called Norfolk spaniels. The name was changed to springer spaniel in 1900. The matter is complicated by the fact that the larger springer and smaller cocker spaniels were simply size variations of the same breed. Only in 1902 did the English Kennel Club recognize the springer as a distinct breed. In America, the American Spaniel Club was formed in 1880 and began the task of separating the springer and cocker sizes. After separation, the springer continued to thrive. It has remained popular with hunters demanding a versatile gun dog that ranges fast and far and that can also flush and retrieve. It is also a popular show dog and pet.
 
 
**All stats & info above are courtesy of Animal Planet

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